How To Model Wires Using Bezier Curves On Blender

Bezier technique using Blender Software (open source)This post is about modelling in Blender using Bezier curves.
Bezier curves can be used for a whole host of different modelling techniques, however, in this example we will be modelling earphone wires to demonstrate this flexibility.

Difficulty: Easy!


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Using Blender Bezier Curves For Modelling Earphone Wires

Bored of reading? Then skip the fluff and watch the video!

The Concept Behind Using Bezier Curves & Their Flexibility

Right, let’s get stuck right in!
Modelling is only one part of getting your renders looking great, because along with adding materials and lighting, you need to make sure that your model looks realistic in shape, size and proportions… so never underestimate its importance.

Right, but how hard is it to model a wire? Create a circle and extrude it – done!

Was it really worth creating a whole tutorial on this topic?

Yes that is very true, that is the very basics of modelling a wire, but when was the last time you saw earphone wires being perfectly straight? The last time I checked they are all bent, twisted and climbing over each other… and this is precisely what we need to replicate in order to bring some realism to our models (something you would not get if your wires were simply straight and tubular.

So to reiterate what was said a little earlier on, realistic renders is not only about the materials and lighting you add to your scene, but is also about the modelling process as can be seen on the above Blender tutorial!

Quick Steps To Modelling Your Earphone Wires

  • Add a Circle (for circumference of wire)
  • Add Bezier (for path / length of wire)
  • Prompt Circle to follow Bezier (circumference to follow path)
Setting up basic Bezier curves to a Blender scene

Adaptive Modelling That Comes With Bezier Curves

But before we start on the steps to modelling, let us discuss the ability to manipulate and update your model quickly and efficiently. This is paramount for instant editing without spending countless hours tweaking things so that they can look just right.
As a little experiment, I would recommend getting your earphones or headset and resting them on the floor. Now imagine spending several hours modelling the spaghetti junction of wires, but it just does not look right.

So you pick up the headset again and rest it back down on the floor. You notice the wires have moved, but this time you like how they are resting on the ground… it wouldn’t be ideal to have to remodel everything again, but rather be able to use the existing model of wires and manipulate them quickly to match… and this is precisely what Bezier Curves allows you to do.
In essence it is a type of adaptive modelling!

The Control Bezier Curves Bring To Your Blender Scene

So how exactly do Bezier curves bring flexibility, control and adaptivity to your model?

The quickest way to see this in action would be go to to time line 3:18 on the above video!

Basically how it works is like this. Rather than having to work along the length of the whole wire, you actually deal with two 2D sketches that make up the wire.
Remember, the wire is made up of a Circle which then follows a Path.
path
Shape

Step1: Creating Curved Circle (Wire Diameter)

The default Blender cube will always appear when loading Blender (well at least it always has up until now). So we will want to remove this in order to clear up our scene.

Right hand click cube -> click “Delete”

We now want to create the circumference of the wire and we do this by drawing a 2D sketch of a circle, but not an ordinary circle, but rather a curved one.

Add -> Curve -> Circle

What you will now see is a 2D circle appearing in your scene.

Step2: Creating Bezier Path (Wire Length)

Next it is time to create the path, which is essentially the length of the wire that the above circle will follow.

Add -> Curve -> Bezier

What you will see now is slightly curved line.

Step3: Combining Both For End Result

The final step is to get the circle to follow the path in order to create the 3D wire. To achieve this, follow the below instruction:

  • Right hand click the path created in Step2 above
  • Click Object Data tab (top right of Blender)
  • Half way down where it says Bevel Object click Bezier Circle (which is the circle create in Step 1 above)

You now have created your wire!

Step4: Controlling Your Bezier Model With Ease

Now here is the best part… being able to control your model after it has been created.
By editing both the Bezier Circle and Path, you are able to elongate, twist, turn, shift, scale the wire with complete flexibility.

Once again - the quickest way to see this in action would be go to to time line 3:18 on the above video!

Happy modelling everyone!